Dalit Exclusion and their Assertion after the Janaandolan II

Uddhab Pd. Pyakurel, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

Proceedings of Unfolding Futures: Nepalese Economy, Society, and Politics
Friday-Sunday, Octobet 5-7, 2007, Ottawa, Canada


This paper deals how Dalits are trying their best to be assertive to get an equal share and participatory opportunities in the governance and polity after the Janaandolan II. The post-1990 and more especially the post-Janaandolan II democratic environment in Nepal has proved favorable to identity based peaceful political formations including those of Dalit, who argue that they have been historically discriminated both socio-economically and politically by the state. Their numerical strength, organic relations with grassroots communities, and an emerging discourse of exclusion/inclusion within Nepal are the resources to make the Dalit community more assertive. However, internal competition leading to politics of blame and the politics of defaming opponents are the causes which made the Dalits not assertive as people assumed after the Janaandolan II. Most of the Dalit activists affiliated to the political parties are full subscribers of their party position in terms of the agenda of state restructuring even if the agenda is against the Dalit upliftment and inclusion. Such tendency of Dalit activism has made the Dalit movement somewhat difficult to comprehend. Likewise, some of the NGOs with the vested interest of its donor play a negative role in gathering all Dalits together and making the movement more assertive. Dalit communities mainly under the leadership of Dalit NGOs and the Dalit wing of political parties have to make an united effort to get in making their steps more assertive if they want to capitalize the ongoing transitional phase into their favour.

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