Sustainable Livelihood System in Rural Nepal

A brief overview of the theme of the book and guidelines for the authors

Overview of the Book

This book project is launched by Canada Foundation for Nepal (CFFN). One of the major objectives of CFFN is to facilitate research activities focused on the economic development of Nepal. CFFN is a major partner in the currently ongoing Initiative for Open University of Nepal, (OUN) which began almost two years ago. OUN is a collaborative project of NRNA, CFFN and the Government of Nepal, while Athabasca University of Alberta, Canada is the chief technical and academic supporter for the Initiative.

The proposed book was conceived to achieve several goals. It will be a text or reference book for college level students, both undergraduate and graduate, in Nepali universities. It is also being designed as a text book for the upcoming OUN for rural development program, and which can also serve as a reference for policy makers, international development experts concerned with rural development in Nepal and domestic experts and consultants interested in the field.

This book will have certain unique traits that will differentiate it from the many text and reference books being produced in Nepal in this topic. First, it is an effort driven by the Diaspora, particularly the North American Diaspora with the Nepali-Canadians taking the leadership. Secondly, the book should add value by providing an international perspective and comparative analysis of the issues, as would be the comparative advantage of the Diaspora WRITERS. Further, this book will address the rural development issues and agricultural practices in Nepal from the lenses of sustainability.

Most Nepali farmers continue to practice the agricultural methods that have been in operation for centuries. This practice certainly has benefits, as it emphasizes ecological sustainability, and optimizes the indigenous agricultural technology that has been perfected by the generations of farmers. However, the agricultural productivity gained through such indigenous practice is quite low, and it is unable to provide economic sustainability for the farmers.

On the other hand, for some larger land tracks in the plains of Nepal, farmers have been adopting more modern farming practices that are aided by machinery, man-made irrigation system, chemical fertilizers and improved seeds. These practices in Nepal are often the influences of the Green Revolution that peaked in India in the 1970s. The Green Revolution also comes at a cost to the environment, long term sustainability of the land, loss of bio-diversity, increased risk of plant diseases, and often adversely impacting the livelihoods of small farmers.

A sustainable agricultural system in Nepal will have take into account both the shortcomings of the traditional practices and the various external costs of the new technologies. Furthermore, new environmental and ecological dimensions, such as the implications of climate change and bio-diversity loss will also have bearings to the agricultural practices in Nepal.

In terms of rural development policies, Nepal must balance her economic development initiatives with the needs to protect the environment and conserve natural resources. Rural development programs must meet these criteria, so that the future generations can also enjoy a similar resource base for development, as Nepal now has. Rural development, thus,  must address curbing deforestation, protecting top-soil, protecting water, conserving bio-diversity and mitigating green house gas emissions.  Further, the fair resettlement of citizens affected by development projects, such as hydropower, and ensuring adequate social and health protection for particularly the poor and marginalized groups must remain central objectives in Nepal’s development pursuits. In the predominantly agrarian and rural society in Nepali, rural development is a key to sustainability of the national economy.

The prospective authors of the book are requested to ponder over these substantive issues and craft their writings accordingly.

Guidelines for the Authors

Authors are advised to review the thematic thrust of the book as provided above and craft their chapters in keeping with the theme and concepts outlined there. For stylistic matters, authors are required to follow the following requirements.

Submission of Manuscript

  • Please submit your manuscript as a Microsoft Word document in Times New Roman font, 12 points, double spaced (no longer than 10 pgs.) with the standard 1 inch margins on all sides.
  • Please identify new sections using titles in bold and italics. New section titles should be flush left.
  • Indent the beginning of a paragraph by a tab, with the exception of the first paragraph of the book, a chapter, a section or a sub-section; these should be flush left. The first line of all. Other paragraphs should be indented. Add no additional spacing between paragraphs.
  • The manuscript must be complete down to the last reference; it must be properly and clearly written and rigorously uniform in every detail. The author must devote the necessary time to verify dates, names, and quotations, and to standardize references.
  • Submit the manuscript to the editorial board electronically.

Graphic material

You must submit all graphic material (illustrations, complex tables, diagrams, maps, and
photographs) in separate high-resolution (+300 dpi) files. Acceptable formats include ai, jpeg, tiff or pdf.

Graphs, Figures, Illustrations: Please indicate the most appropriate location within the text for the illustration to appear. Number all figures and illustrations in either Roman numerals (I, II, III, etc.) or in Arabic numerals according to the numbering of the chapters (6.1, 6.2, 7.1, etc.). This system is used even in those cases where there is only one figure in the chapter or part or book.

Bibliographical Elements


  • Quotations must correspond exactly to the original text. The author is responsible for the accuracy of quotations.
  • Quotations that run to less than three lines in the manuscript are incorporated into the main body of text and placed in quotation marks.
  • Quotations that run to three lines or longer are indented from both margins and are given a line space both before and after the quotation. Quotation marks are not used.
  • Each subsequent paragraph in the quotation is also indented and a tab is used to further indent the first line of each paragraph. Stanzas of two lines or more of verse are treated as long quotations


Please use the APA style of Referencing.


Books with single author:
Sen, A (1998) Development as Freedom, London, Oxford Press

Chapter from Books with different authors:
Leonard, V. W. (1996). “Mothering as a Practice”. In Gordon, S., Benner, P., &. Nodding N., (Eds.), Caregiving (pp. 124-140). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Article in Journals:
Parikh, J. (1995) ‘Gender Issues in Energy Policy’, Energy Policy, Vol.23 (9) pp. 745-754.

Any work (book, collective work, academic journal, periodical, website, etc.) you cite or refer to must appear in the bibliography at the end of your manuscript. Please arrange these works in alphabetical order according to author’s last name and, for successive works by the same author, to the chronological order of publication. Ensure you provide full bibliographical information even when the information may be found in the references.

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