Geography of Nepal

Starting from 70m above sea level Nepal’s land rises all the way to the tip of the Mount Everest (8853m). It has a small strip of plains at a very low altitude and some plains at the high plateau at the western Himalayas. Because of this altitude variation, climatic variation, and mixture of plains, low mountains, and high mountains, Nepal’s geography is very interesting to study.

This section introduces the geography of Nepal and their role in shaping Nepal’s people, culture and economy.


Himalaya is a Sanskrit word for “abode of snow”. The Himalayas are located in the Northern part of Nepal and they spill offer to India, Bhutan, Pakistan and Tibetan China. In the Himalayas, more than 30 peaks rise to a height of 7,620 m (25,000 ft) or more, and one of these, Mount Everest (8,850 m/29,035 ft), is the world’s highest mountain.

Mount Everest

Do you know which the tallest mountain in the world is? Well, it is Mt. Everest. Geologists believe it was formed about 60 million years ago. It reaches 8 850 metres high above sea level. Mt. Everest was named after Sir George Everest who was the British surveyor-general of India. He was the first person to record the height and location of Mt. Everest.

In Nepal, the mountain is called Sagarmatha. Sagarmatha means “Mother of the Universe”. The first people to climb Mt. Everest were Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand, and Tenzng Norgay Sherpa from Nepal. They reached the top of Mt. Everest in May 29, 1953.

Most of the Everest climbing records are held by the Sherpas. Tezing was the first one to climb. Pemba Sherpa was the fastest climber. He reached the Everest summit from its base camp in just 8 hours and 10 minutes. Temba Sherpa was the youngest climber to reach the summit at the age of 15. Appa Sherpa reached the summit the most times. He has already climbed Everest 14 times. Babu Sherpa stayed the longest for 21 full hours and a half on top of Everest, and Kushang Sherpa is the only person to climb Everest from all four sides. Sherpas are the tribe of people who live in the Everest region. They are used to living in the high mountains and guide all the mountaineers to climb the Himalayan peaks. The first Woman to climb Mt. Everest was Junko Tabei. She was from Japan and she reached the summit in May 1975. The oldest person to climb Mt. Everest was Sherman Bull. He was 64 years old when he reached the top. The first blind person to reach the summit of Mt. Everest was Erik Weihenmeyer.

The most dangerous place on Mt. Everest is the Khumbu Ice Fall. Most people die when climbing because of avalanches and falls. There are around 120 corpses still on Everest. The best time to climb Everest is in April and May.

Climbing Everest is very expensive. The fee to climb the Everest for a seven member party is approximately 60 000 dollars. There are many other expenses, including training, climbing and camping gear, food and supplies and other logistics. To climb Everest, you have to get to base camp which is located 5 360 meters above the sea level. Then you go to Camp 1 which is 6 100 meters high. After that you have to get to Camp 2 which reaches 6 600 meters high. Then you have to get to Camp 3 which is 7 200 meters high. Then you go to Camp 4 which reaches 7 926 meters high. Finally you get to the summit, but you have to get back to camp 4 on the same day because it is too cold on the summit.

As you can see Mt. Everest is a very dangerous place, it is very expensive and it is also very cold. But for some people, it can also be fun.

Saugat Ghimire The content of this page is developed by Saugat Ghimire, a Grade 8 student of a Sir Winston Churchill Public School, Ottawa, Canada. The Nepali Language Class, to which Saugat is a student, is made possible due to collaborative efforts of Nepalese Canadian Association of Ottawa ( and Ottawa Carleton District School Board (

After our students research all the material and write their material with the best of their abilities, our teachers correct them and enhance the grammer and writing to make them presentable to all people around the world.