Human Rights in Nepal

“…recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world”

– Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948

Long feudal rule, isolation from the world and disregard for human rights is a recurring theme in Nepal. Last ten years have demonstrated how the consciousness of human rights is rising and at the same time how profoundly they have been violated. The state of human rights in Nepal is explored in this project.

What is human rights?

Human rights refers to rights and status of human beings to be treated equally with one another regardless of their ethnicity, nationality, race, health, physical abilities, and sex. It is intended to protect inherent human dignity, and to respect universal and inalienable character of all humans in the world.

Human rights laws are normally developed to protect the following:

  • Security rights: that protect people against crimes such as murder, massacre, torture and rape
  • Liberty rights: that protect freedoms in areas such as belief and religion, association, assembling and movement
  • Political rights: that protect the liberty to participate in politics by expressing themselves, protesting, participating in a republic
  • Due process rights: that protect against abuses of the legal system such as imprisonment without trial, secret trials and excessive punishments
  • Equality rights: that guarantee equal citizenship, equality before the law and nondiscrimination
  • Welfare rights: that require the provision of education and protections against severe poverty and starvation
  • Group rights: that provide protection for groups against ethnic genocide and for the ownership by countries of their national territories and resources

Further readings

  1. Wikipedia: Human Rights
  2. Press Freedom Ranking – October 2006
  3. Record of Human Rights Violations by Royal Nepal Army’s Vigilante – Asian Human Rights Commission – March 2005
  4. Sample Human Right Reports – Asian Human Rights Commission – March 2005
  5. Impunity for army in Nepal? – Amnesty Internationaln – 2003
  6. Asian Human Rights Commission – Nepal
  7. Nepal Human Rights – Early 1990s
  8. US Government – Country Profile – Nepal
  9. Human Rights Watch Report – Nepal
  10. Human Rights Resources in Nepal
  11. USA – Human Rights – Country report on Nepal
  12. Human Rights Watch – Asia – Nepal
  13. UN recommendations – Nepal
  14. NYU – Cast Discrimination – Nepal
  15. HRW – Cast Discrimination – Nepal
  16. The Untouchables


  1. NYU – Human Rights Group
  2. – Distance Learning in Human Rights
  3. International Dalit Solidarity Network
  4. The Untouchables


Oshika Tripathi The content of this page is developed by Oshika Tripathi, a Grade 8 student of Broadview Avenue Public School, Ottawa, Canada. The Nepali Language Class, to which Oshika is a student was made possible due to collaborative efforts of Nepalese Canadian Association of Ottawa ( and Ottawa Carleton District School Board (

After our students research all the material and write their material with the best of their abilities, our teachers correct them and enhance the grammer and writing to make them presentable to all people around the world.